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A STUDY OF THE ROLE OF POLICE 110 IN PEOPLE’S ATTITUDE TWOARDS SENSE OF SECURITY AMONG RESIDENTS OF DISTRICT 8 OF TEHRAN
Abstract
This research aimed to study the role of Police 110 in people’s view of sense of security.
Structural functionalism theories, social trust theory, and social control theories were used to measure security. This research proposed 6 hypotheses, which measured the significance of the relation between police’s performance and trust with three social, financial and physical dimensions. This is an applied-descriptive research in term of objective, and the unit of analysis in this research is person.
Data collection was conducted using library and field methods. Measurement tool was questionnaire. Each item of questionnaire was considered in relation to the research’s hypotheses, and their measurement. Items were divided into two categories: demographic and primary questions. Sampling was carried out using simple randomized method. Sample comprised 348 residents of district 8 of Tehran, who aged 18 and older.
Likert’s scale was used to measure components. Reliability was measured using Cronbach’s alpha method and SPSS software. For this purpose, a preliminary sample comprising 40 pre-test questionnaires was prepared and using data collected from such questionnaires, validity was calculated. The results showed that questionnaire was sufficiently reliable.
Data analysis was conducted by descriptive and inferential statistics. For descriptive statistics, frequency tables and descriptive statistics were used to analyze demographic variables. For inferential statistics, research hypotheses regarding study of the role of police in people’s view of sense of security in three areas of security (social, financial and physical) was studied using correlation and regression tests. Also, each independent variable was ranked using Friedman’s test.
The results suggested that there was a significant relation between each component of trust on the one hand, and police’s performance on the other hand. For analytic results, Friedman’s test was used to rank each independent component, police’s performances, and trust in police. The results suggested that for residents of this district, component of police’s performance had the highest priority, and component of trust in police had the lowest priority. Also, results of regression analysis showed that among variables, police’s performance had the highest effect on financial security.
Keywords: security, trust, performance, view, people, police
Niloufar Esfahani

 

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