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Locating suitable areas for biological reclamation in the Mangrove habitat (Case Study: Sirik-Hormozgan province)
Abstract
Mangrove forests are located in coastal areas south of Iran. Due to the numerous functions and values of environmental conservation, revival their development is essential. Decision making approach to act in a specific way, informed as to achieve too the goals have been defined so to this way appropriate choice among the various options to be selected. A problem-based spatial decision arises when there is a difference between the desired and the decision maker perspective. considering the problem of spatial decision the correct evaluation and selection methods, the best place to implement the project according to the present conditions is a key issue which antecedence the decision makers nature of of the multi criteria decision making, selecting suitable technology, lack of information and experience to date and the resulting complexity of the issue and a challenge in the selection of decision making makers and, ultimately, selecting appropriate locations for implementation of projects. mangrove forests are a sustainable resource which has attracted much attention. abilities of geographical information system based on site seclaction has caused up on based on suitable areas for biological reclamation was used purpose of this study was to identify the best areas for biological reclamation of mangrove forests using multi-criteria decision in sirik localitis. In this study, the most effective criteria for biological reclamation areas, was included depth of water, the distribution of Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh. and Rhizophora mucronata Lam. species, the presence of mudskipers, slope, soil texture, electrical conductivity, the tides, coastal geomorphology, coastal landuse and estuaries. Then, using opinion of experts and the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) criteria was zoning and weighted. Decision rules overlap index, hierarchical analysis, fuzzy AHP, was used to identify optimal locations. Interpretation of the outputs was showed a result is differences between the methods. Finally, to ensure the accuracy of the results was tested with ground control. The overlap of the decision rule to identify areas suitable for biological restoration of mangrove forests in habitat sirik province introduced.آیا منظور شما این است: فد
Key Words: decision making, overlap index, fuzzy, AHP, mangrove forests, habitat Sirik
University of Hormozgan
College of Agriculture and Natural Resources
Title:
Locating Suitable Areas for Biological Reclamation in the Mangrove Habitat (Case Study: Sirik-Hormozgan province)
By:
Hamed Khayrandish
Supervisor:
Dr. Yahya Esmaeilpour (PhD)
Advisor:
MSc. Alireza kamali – MSc. Omid zakri
A thesis Submitted to the Graduate Studies Office in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Combating Desertification.
Summer 2014
1- Kathiresan and Bingham
2 Rodringuez and Feller
3 – Terrestrial
4 – Avicennietum
5 – Rhizophoretum
6- Eratosthense
7- Nerchus
8- Kogo
9 -Paleotropical kingdom
10- Indo – Malesian subkingdom
11 -Chapman
12- Saenger
13 -Christensen
14- Wacharakitty
15 -Food and Agriculture Organization
16 -Eastern mangrove
17 Avicennietum
18 Rhizophoretum
19 Halocnemum strobilaceum
20 Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.
21 Rhizophora mucronata Lam.
22- Rhizophora mucronata Lam.
23- Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.
24 از ریشه‌ی واژه‌ی Propagate به معنی قلمه زدن، در اینجا به معنی دانه‌های گونه‌های مانگروی از قبیل چندل است که پیش از جدا شدن از پایه مادری جوانه زده و پس از طی مراحل اولیه رشد مستقیما روی بستر رشد افتاده و رشد می‌کنند. برابر پارسی این واژه می‌تواند “دانهال” در نظر گرفته شود که به نظر نگارنده نیز مطلوب و رسا است. شایان ذکر است که واژه مذکور در بیشتر مقالاتی که تاکنون به کار رفته به معنی عمومی نهال بوده است.
25 Royal Forest Department
26 Authority
27 Vivian-Smith
28 Sullivan
29 واژه‌ی Mesocosm در بیشتر منابع در مورد خاک منطقه رویشی مانگروها مشاهده شد و با توجه به مضمون به این معنی ترجمه شده است.
30 -International Union for Conservation of Nature
31 Penumathofore
32 Part Per Million
33- Fred and Harrington
34- Global Positioning System
35 منطقه دریایی راپمی‌پس از انعقاد کنوانسیون کویت بین هشت کشور حاشیه خلیج فارس و دریای عمان (ایران، عراق، کویت، عربستان، قطر، بحرین، امارات متحد عربی و عمان) در سال 1978 و تشکیل سازمان منطقه‌ای حمایت از محیط زیست دریایی در سال 1979 با هدف نظارت بر شرایط زیست محیطی و مدیریت آب‌های کشور‌های عضو انتخاب شد و به عنوان یکی از محدوده آب‌های منطقه در سازمان‌های بین‌المللی مرتبط به ثبت رسیده است. پهنه آبی این منطقه تمام خلیج فارس و دریای عمان و دریای عرب را پوشش می‌دهد (دانه کار و پوروخشوری، 1377).
36- Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.
37- Rhizophora mucronata Lam.
38- Grey mangrove
39 تاکسونومی جنس Avicennia تغییراتی داشته است. در منابع اولیه آنرا از خانواده‌ی Verbenaceae و در آثار جدیدتر از خانواده‌ی Avicenniaceae دانسته‌اند. بررسی‌های اخیر بر پایه‌ی مطالعات فیلوژنتیک نشان داده‌اند که از خانواده‌ی Acanthaceae منشاء گرفته است و آنرا در زیرخانواده‌ی Avicennioideae جای داده‌اند.
40- Tomlinson
41- Kubangrab
42- Transkei
43 -Umalaizi
44- Durban
45- Xera
46- Bushee
47 – Temer
48 – Hara
49 – Tul
50 – Timar
51 –

مطلب مرتبط :   دانلود پایان نامه دربارهآموزش و پرورش، استان مازندران، عملکرد کارکنان

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